Native Plants

Native plants are plants that are natural to a specific area, unlike non-native plants which have generally been introduced to the area for agricultural or horticultural reasons. Native plants have thrived in the area for centuries and have developed alongside native soils, climate, animals, fungi and bacteria. Native plant species are best able to support native animals and insects because they have evolved together. Some insects rely on specific native plants, such as the monarch butterfly, which relies on milkweed during the caterpillar stage. Non-native plants do not provide animals and insects with the same level of nourishment. Check out the links below for more information on how you can support native plants:

Wondering which plants are native to your Canadian region? Find the native plant resources that are specific to your area below:

Canada-wide

Native Plant Encyclopedia

Atlantic Canada

Native Plants of Nova Scotia

Native Shrubs of Prince Edward Island

Native Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador

Central Canada

Grow Me Instead: Landscape Ontario

Landscaping with Native Plants: Landscape Ontario

A Guide to Local Native Plants: Essex Region Conservation Authority

Native Plant List for Breeding Birds: Credit Valley Conservation

Native Plant List for Migrating Birds: Credit Valley Conservation

Native Prairie and Meadow Plants for Landscaping: Credit Valley Conservation

Native Woodland Plants for Landscaping: Credit Valley Conservation

Native Plants for your Garden: Credit Valley Conservation

Shoreline Restoration Using Native Plants: Haliburton County Master Gardeners

Wildflowers - Native Species: Ontario Wildflowers

Québec Native Plants: Espace pour la vie Montréal

Plants of Quebec

Prairies

Grow Me Instead - MB: The Invasive Species Council of Manitoba

Grow Me Instead - SK: Native Plant Society of Saskatchewan

Native Alberta Plants: Grower Direct

Native Plants for Bees & Butterflies: Edmonton Native Plant Society

Western Canada

Native Plant Species - BC: BC Nature

Native Plant Adoption: Kootenay Native Plant Society

Pick-A-Plant: Grow Green Metro Vancouver

Gardening with Native Plants: Fraser Valley Conservancy

Grow Me Instead - BC: BC Invasives

Northern Canada

Grow Me Instead - Yukon: Yukon Invasive Species Council